幸运28官网

当前位置: 法学思想 -> 法学论坛

法官职业保障机制法律问题研究(2018.9)

  发布时间: 2019-04-30 08:50:31


幸运28官网    lunwentiyao:

    zuigaorenminfayuanduocizhichujiaqiangjicengfayuanxingyun28guanwangshiquanguofayuangongzuodezhongzhongzhizhong,erjiaqiangjicengfayuanfaguanduiwudexingyun28guanwanggongzuoyoushijiaqiangjicengfayuanxingyun28guanwanggongzuodezhongzhongzhizhong,jiaqiangjicengfayuanduiwuxingyun28guanwangdebiranxuanzejiushijianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi。jicengfayuanhejicengfaguanhuajiejiufendenengli,guanxidaoshehuijiufennengfoujiejuezaimengyajieduan。jicengfayuanhejicengfaguandexingxiang,zaihendachengdushangyingxiangzherenminqunzhongduirenminfayuansifaxingxiangshenzhishidangdezhizhengxingxiangderenshi。dandangqianduoshujicengfayuandoumianlinfaguanduancengqueshidekunjing,jianlihewanshanfuhefazhiyaoqiubingyouliyushixiansifagongzhengdefaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi、luoshifaguanzhiyebaozhangpozaimeijie。

    bizhezuoweijicengfayuanzhongdeyiyuan,qinyanmudulejicengfayuanfaguandeduancengliushi、faguanduiwuzhiyehuajinchengshouzudekunjing,qinshenjinglilesifagaigedalangchao,yeqinyanjianzhengleguojiajianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidedongzuoyujuexin。jiyuzaijicenggongzuodeshencengtihuijiduiyufaguanzhiyehuadeguanzhu,zhuanxieciwen。benwenzaiduifaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhideneihanjijianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidebiyaoxingjinxingjieshaodejichushang,shitufenxixingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhifazhanzhongqudedechengjiuyufazhanzhongdebuzu,bingzaijiejianyuwaigeguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixianjinjingyanyujiehezishenjicenggongzuojingyandejichushang,weiwanshanxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhitichuzijidejidianjianyi,yiqiweixingyun28guanwangzhuanyehuadefaguanzhiyetuandui、jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhanggongxianzijidemianbozhili!

幸运28官网    benwen8439zi。

    zhuyaochuangxinguandian:

    benwenshituyonglishiyanjiuyushizhengfenxidefangfaduixingyun28guanwangguodangqianfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangzhongqudedechengjiujinxingzongjie,bingfansiqizhongcunzaidewenti。zaicijichushang,caiyongduibiyanjiufa,zaijiejianyuwaifaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidexianjinzuofayujingyandejichushangshituweixingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangtichujidianjianyi。

    bizherenweidangqianxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangqudedezhuyaochengjiuzaiyu: 1、tuixingfaguanyuanezhigaige,tuijinfaguanzhiyehua、jingyinghua;2、tigaofaguandaiyu,yufangsifafubai;qizhongcunzaidezhuyaowentizaiyu: xingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangqudetuchuchengjiudetongshiyehaicunzaiyixiawenti: 1、faguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhibudang,faguanzhijidaiyujiaodi ;2、anjianshuliangzhixianshangsheng,faguanbananyalida;3、faguanzhiyequanliyuzhiyeshenfenbaozhangbuzu;4、faguankaohejizhibujianquan。jianlijianquanxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangzhuyaoyingcongyixiajifangmianrushou: 1、jianlizhuanmendefaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,tigaofaguanzhijidaiyu;2、shenrutuixingfaguanyuanezhigaige,jianlijianquanfaguanyuanezhizhunrujituichujizhi;3、jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyequanliyuzhiyeshenfenbaozhangzhidu,quebaofaguanzhiyewending;4、shelifaguanweiquanjigou,helishezhifaguankaohepingjiatixi;5、jianliduoyuanhuajiufenjiejuejizhi,huanjiefaguanbananyali;6、wanshanfaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhangcuoshi,quebaofaguananquan。

    yi、faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhideneihanjibiyaoxing

    faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhideneihan

    xingyun28guanwangguo《faguanfa》he《guanyujiaqiangfaguanduiwuzhiyehuaxingyun28guanwangderuoganyijian》dengguidingjuntijifaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi,danjunweiduiqijinxingxitongxinglunshu。dangqiansifagaigeruhuorututuijin,faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhiwentishoudaoqiansuoweiyoudeguanzhu,guanyufaguandezhiyebaozhangjizhideneihan,xuezhemengeyoulunshu,jingcaichanshuyibuzaishaoshu。

    bizherenwei,faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi,gumingsiyijishizhiduicongshifaguanzheiyiteshuzhiyederenyuansuoyingcaiqudebaozhangzhidu,qishizhifayuantongguojianlijianquanfaguandezhiyebaozhangdegexiangzhidu,quanlibaozhangfaguanxiangyoufalvsuofuyudedulishenpanquan,tongshiweifaguanduli、gongzhengjinxinganjiandeshenpantigongbaokuoquanlibaozhang、jingjishourubaozhang、anquanbaozhang、jiaoyupeixunyujinxiudengzaineidegexiangbaozhangcuoshi,yichongfenweihufaguandegexianghefaquanyi、weihushenpanquandeduli、gongzhengxingshi,cujinsifagongzheng。

    jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidebiyaoxing

    sifagaigedetuijin,jiangfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhituirurenmendeshiye。chediliqingjianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidebiyaoxingshiyanjiufaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidejichu。jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhiduiyubaozhangfaguandulixingshishenpanquan、weihusifagongzhengyiyizhongda。bizherenwei,jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidebiyaoxingzhuyaobiaoxianzaiyixiajifangmian:

    1、jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhishiyoufaguanzheiyizhiyedeteshuxingzhisuojuedingde

幸运28官网    faguanzheiyizhiyedeteshuxingzhuyaobiaoxianzaifaguanxuanrendeyangexing、dulixingshiguojiashenpanquan、gaolaodongtouruyugaolaodongfengxianxingshang。rushangsuoshufaguanzhiyedeteshuxingshifaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhideyuanqi。shouxian,faguandexuanrenchuxujingguotongyidegongwuyuankaoshixuanba,congshifaguanzheiyizhiyehaixuyaojubeifaxuezhuanyezhishichubeibingqiekaoquzhonghuarenmingongheguofalvzhiyezigezhengshu,xinruzhifaguanzhulihaixuyaojingliwunianzuoyoudexuexiqicaiyouzigejinruyuanefaguanchubei。yuyibandegongwuyuanxiangbi,faguanzheiyizhiyexuyaoxianshudefaxuezhuanyezhishidechubeihefengfudeshehuijingyan。qici,faguanzaianjiandeshenliyucaipanzhongshiguojiashenpanquandehuashen,shimaodundecaipanzhe,beihoushiguojiaqiangzhili,shenpanquandeguifan、gongzhengxingshixuyaofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidedianji。zuihou,zuihou,faguanxuzaifenzadezhengjuzhongchousibojianhaiyuananjianzhenxiangzuochuzuigongzhengdecaijue,zheiqizhonghaofeidejudaxinlihechengdandefengxianyefeiyibangongwuyuansuonengbi,zuochucaijuezhihoujiyaozuohaozhunbeichengdanxinfangyali,youyaoyufangbufadangshirenyuyan、renshengongjiheweibiliyou。keyishuo,faguanzaianjianbanlideguochengzhongfuchudejingliyuchengdandefengxianyeyuanbiyibangongwuyuanyaogao。

    2、jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhiliuzhujicengrencai、jianlifaguanzhiyetidebiranyaoqiu

    faguanzhiyehuashiyigeguojiaxiandaihuafazhijinchengdeyixiangzhongyaozhibiao,jianliyizhigaosuzhidezhuanyehuafaguanzhiyetishisifagongzhengyusifawenmingdezhongyaobiaozhi,yeshiqibiranyaoqiu。

幸运28官网    zaidangqianxingyun28guanwangguofazhishangbujianquan,sifagaigezhengzaitansuotuijindejieduan,faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhishangbujianquan。erjicengfayuanmeiniandeshouanshudouzhixianshangsheng、fayuanbianzhibuzu,jicengfaguanshuliangyanzhongbuzu,jicengminzhongdefalvyishizengqiang,xinfangweiwenyalizhujianzengda,jicengfaguanbananyalijida,banandezhiliangyaoqiuyuelaiyuegao,yincizaishenlimeijiananzishisuofuchudederenli、wuli、jinglidengdouyuanyuangaoyuyiwang。menjiangao、daiyudi、yalida、jinshengxiaodejicengbananxianzhuang,zaijiashangzhunianpanshengdefangjia、wujiadengshidehenduojicengfaguanmengshengtuiyi,fenfentuichufaguanduiwu,jicengfayuanfaguanduancengxianxiangshifentuchu,faguanzhiyehuafazhandaolurenzhongerdaoyuan。jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi,cainengweijicengfayuanliuzhugengduorencai,caiyoujianlifaguanzhiyetidejichu。

    3、jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhishishixiansifagongzhengdejichu

    sifagongzhengguanchuananjianshenpanguochengshizhong,shiduifaguanzuijibendeyaoqiu,yeshimeigefalvrenziziyiqiudezhongjimubiao。faguanshianjiandeshenlizheyucaipanzhe,shiguojiashenpanquandehuashenyudaibiao,shenpanquandegongzhengxingshibujinxuyaojiezhuyufaguandezhuanyezhishi、shehuijingyan、duisifagongzhengdezhuiqiuzhixin,yexuyaowanshanerjianquandewaibubaozhangzhidu,jifaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhiweifaguangongzhengxingshishenpanquanpishangzhidubaozhangyushenghuobaozhangzhiyi。

    dangqianxingyun28guanwangguodaduoshujicengfaguandegongzidaiyudoubijiaodi、anjianshenpanyalibijiaoda、anquanbaozhangbuzu、zhiyehuanjingjiaocha,faguanzuoweishehuirenzhiyi,shouxianxuyaomanzuyidingdeshenghuoxuqiu,nenggoumanzujiatingwenbao,cainengyoujingli、youtiaojianweishixiansifazhengyierfendou。qici,tanfudeyuanyinchuledangxingxiuyangbugou,haiyouyibufenshiyinweifaguandedaiyudi,shehuiwujiajiejiepansheng,jiatingshenghuo、ernvshangxuedengyaliyushehuiyouhuodejilieduizhuang,shidequanlixunzudekongjiandadazengjia,sifafubaiyoucichansheng。gaoxinbuyidingnengyanglian,dandixinbibuzuyiyanglian,dixinzhixiananyidizhihejianshaofubai。[(1) liubing: 《faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhiwentiyanjiu》,zaihttp://lnszxfy.chinacourt.org/public/detail.php?id=634,yu2018nian5yue6rifangwen。](1)yinci,tigaofaguandaiyu,jianlijianquanwanshandefaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidushijiejuefaguandehouguzhiyou,jiyaquanlixunzukongjian,cujinsifagongzhengyulianjiedebiranxuanze。

幸运28官网    xingyun28guanwangguodangqianfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixianzhuangjicunzaidewenti

幸运28官网    xingyun28guanwangguodangqianfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixianzhuang

    zisifagaigezhidutuixingzhichu,xingyun28guanwangguojiuchongfenrenshidaogoujianfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidebiyaoxing,bingmingquetichubaokuoshixingfaguanyuanezhigaigedenggexiangcuoshizaineidefaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi。dangqianxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangchujuchuxing,qituchucuoshizhuyaobaokuo:

    tuixingfaguanyuanezhigaige,tuijinfaguanzhiyehua、jingyinghua

    tuixingyuanezhigaige,shixianfaguanduiwuzhiyehuayujingyinghuashisifagaigededashisuoqu,yeshifaguanzhiyehuabaozhangjizhidejichuyuhexin。faguanyuanezhigaigezhizaitongguokongzhiyuanefaguandeshuliang、tigaoyuanefaguandezhunrumenjian,tigaoqizhuanyeyusuzhibingweiqipeibeifaguanzhuliyuxiangguanfuzhurenyuan,peiyangzhenzhengdegaosuzhi、zhuanyehua、jingyinghua、shihefaguanzheiyizhiyedexuyaodefaguan。tuixingfaguanyuanezhizhuyaoshijiangfayuanrenyuanjinxingqubiehuaguanli,shixingyuanefaguan、sifafuzhurenyuanhesifaxingzhengrenyuansanleirenyuanfenlei。zaibaozhengyuanefaguanzongshuliangbubiandeqingkuangxia,yunxuzaibian、jileixiangdangdechengxuxinghejiandanshitixingshenlijingyanhoujuyoufaguanzigederenyuanzhijiandeheliliudong。

    shixingfaguanyuanezhihou,quanguofayuananzhaoyiandinge、angangdingyuan、zongliangkongzhi、shengjitongchoudeyuanze,jingguoyangekaoshikaohe、linxuanweiyuanhuizhuanyebaguan、rendayifarenmingdengchengxu,congyuanlaide211990mingfaguanzhonglinxuanchansheng120138mingyuanefaguan。tongguozheixianggaige,shixianle85%yishangfayuanrenyuanxiangbananyixianjizhong,ziyuanpeizhigengjiaheli,shenpanzhixiaochixutisheng。muqian,xingyun28guanwangyuanyijibenwanchengfaguanyuanezhigaige,weileweiyuanefaguantigongzuichongfendebananbaozhang,tansuoshixing”1+1+1“moshi,jiyigeyuanefaguanpeibeiyigefaguanzhuliheyimingshujiyuan,gaizhongshenpanmoshi,youfaguanzhuliheshujiyuanchulishenpanfuzhushiwu,faguanzhuanxinjinxinganjiandeyanjiuyushuli、zhuanzhuyukaitingshenpanyudiaojiegongzuo,chedijiangyuanefaguancongfanzadeshenpanfuzhuxingshiwuzhongjiefangchulai,dadatigaoleanjiandeshenlizhixiao。

幸运28官网    2、tigaofaguandaiyu,yufangsifafubai

    rushangsuoshu,jiyufaguanzhiyedeteshuxing,wulunshicongweihufaguandehefaquanyihaishiyufangsifafubai、weihusifagongzhengdejiaodulaishuo,tigaofaguandaiyu、jiyuqichongzudexinzibaozhangshifenyoubiyao。faguanshijiufendeshenlizheyucaipanzhe,shiguojiashenpanquandehuashen,shisifagongzhengdejiechi,faguanzheiyizhiyejuedinglefaguanbuyingzaicongshirenheyinglixinghuodong,yeweilemianqufaguanshenlianjiandehouguzhiyou,tigaoqikangjubuliangyouhuodenengli,quebaofaguandegongzisuizhegongling、zhiwushengqian、wujiashangzhangdengyinsudedaojishihelidiaozheng,tigaofaguandaiyushizaibixing。yinweizhiyoudangfaguanbuweishenghuosuocaoxinshi,cainengweizhengyiercaoxin。[(1) xuguodong: 《minfajibenyuanzejieshi》,zhongguozhengfadaxuechubanshe1996ban,di218ye。](1)

    muqiandaduoshufayuandoujiangfaguangongziyuqitagongwuyuangongzixuliejinxingqufen,jianliledandudefaguangongzizhidu。dandudefaguangongzizhidujiangyuanefaguanyusifaxingzhengrenyuan、sifafuzhurenyuandegongzijinxingqufen。shouxian,jiangjixiaonaruyuanefaguangongzizhong,jiangyuanefaguandegongziyuqibanjieanjianzhijieguagou,tongshijiangjixiaoyunianzhongkaoheguagoudefangshiduijixiaodebilijinxingguiding,runianzhongkaoheweiyouxiuzefaguankelingqu1.2dejixiaojishu,rukaoheweichengzhi,jishuzewei1,kaoheweijibenchengzhizewei0.8deng,youxiaodeladonglefaguandebananjiqing。qici,jiangsifaxingzhengrenyuanhesifafuzhurenyuangongziyeyuputonggongwuyuangongzijinxingqufen,kaolvdaoqigongzuodeteshuxing,zhaobiputonggongwuyuangongzilvegao。gaoxinbaozhangjiangbaokuoyuanefaguanzaineidefayuanduiwutongzhidegongzuoreqingdadatisheng,tongshijiaogaodegongzishuipingyeweifaguantigonglejiaoweichongzudexinzibaozhang,jiejueqirichangshenghuodewuzhixuqiu,mianchuqibanandehouguzhiyou,youxiaoyizhilequanlixunzudekongjian,duiyuyizhitanfu、cujinsifagongzhengjuyoushifenzhongyaodezuoyong。

    xingyun28guanwangguodangqianfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhicunzaidewenti

幸运28官网    1、faguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhibudang,faguanzhijidaiyujiaodi

幸运28官网    xingyun28guanwangguoshangweijianliwanshandefaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,faguanzhijidaiyuguanliyibancaiyongxingzhengjiguangongwuyuanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,canzhaoyibangongwuyuanquedingzhiji、daiyu。xianyoudexingzhengjiguangongwuyuanzhijixulienanyihefayuangongzuoshijixiangpipei,faguandezhuanyejishudengnanyixiangyishengyiyangdedaotixian,daozhihenduofaguandezhijidaiyudoubitongjidangzhengjiguangongwuyuandi,zhijidaiyunanyitisheng,henduofaxuezhuanyezhishizhashi、shenpanjingyanfengfudelaofaguanqueyinxingzhengzhijidengwentizaozaotuixiu,zheijidadisunhailefaguangongzuodejijixing,xueruolefaguanduiwudewendingxing,buliyufaguanzhiyehuafazhan,jianlifuhefaguanzheiyizhiyeteshuxingdefaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi、tigaofaguanzhijidaiyushifenyoubiyao。

    yinshouzhiweizhijishuliangxianzhi,duoshuyixianfaguannanyijiejuexiangyingzhijidaiyu,yongzhijijinshengganggandiaodonggongzuojijixingdezuoyongnanyifahui。muqianduoshujicengfayuanyinshouzhijijinshengzhibiaodexianzhi,faguanjiqitagongzuorenyuanbunengyudangzhengjiguantongbuzhengchangjinsheng,henduozaifayuangongzuoduoniandezhongcenglingdaodounanyihuodezhurenkeyuandaiyu,xinkaolujindenianqingfaguanzhulidengshoudaofaguanyuanezhigaigedeyingxiangbujinduanqineinanyijinruyuanefaguanxulie,bingqieyounanyihetongqijinruqitadangzhengjiguanderenyuanyiqijinsheng。jinshengkongjianxiao、zhijidaiyudizaijiashangfayuananduorenshao、banannanduyuyalidouzhujianzengda、zhiyefengxiandadeng,bushaofaguangandaoqiantuwuwang,mengshengtuiyi。

幸运28官网    2、anjianshuliangzhixianshangsheng,faguanbananyalida

    shehuiminzhongfalvyishiheweiquanyishidetigao,yijisifaquanwei、falvqiangzhilidexuanchuanyukuosanshideminzhongyuelaiyueqingxiangyucaiqufalvshouduan、susongshouduanjiejuejiufen。fayuanlianyoulianshenchazhixiangliandengjizhidezhuanbiancushidaliangdeanjianyongrufayuan,gejicengfayuanshoulianjianshuliangzhixianshangsheng,yuanefaguandegongzuoliangdadazengjia,anduorenshaodemaodunyuelaiyuetuchu。

    shehuijingjidebuduanfazhanyedailaidaliangxinxing、yinananjian,anjianchulidenandudadazengjia。jicengfayuangengduomianlindejicengqunzhongdaduoquefafalvyishi,anjiandezhengjuwangwangbugouchongzu,faguandiaochaquzhengdeyalibijiaoda,zaijiashangxiangcundiyudeliaokuoxing,songdanan、zhixingnandengwentituchu,shesuxinfanganjianyebijiaoduo,zheijiushidefaguanxinliyalihegongzuoyalijunyanzhongchaofuhe。weiwanchenggongzuorenwu,jiabanjiadianshichangshi,“wujiaer、baijiahei”shijicengbananfaguangongzuoyushenghuodezhenshixiezhao,faguanbananyalidazeng。

    faguanzhiyequanliyuzhiyeshenfenbaozhangbuzu

    xianfasuifuyulefaguandulixingshishenpanquandequanli,danyouyuxianxingsifatizhishiyidifangdangweilingdaoweizhu,shangjifayuanyuyixieguandetedian,xuduodifangzhengfujiangfayuanshiweiqizhinengbumenzhiyi,zaijiashangdifangfayuanderenyuanbianzhi、cailiwulidengxuyaoshouzhiyudifangdangzhengjiguan,faguanshuyugongwuyuanguanlixulie,qijinsheng、renzhidengdouxuyaozhengfupizhunyushenhe,jicengfayuannanyishixianduizhengfuganyudeyouxiaofankang,fayuandulixingshishenpanquanwufadedaoyouxiaobaozhang,faguanzhiyequanlibaozhangbuzu。

    《faguanfa》mingwenguiding,faguanyijingrenyong,feiyinfadingshiyou,feijingfadingchengxu,budebeimianzhi、jiangzhi、cituihuozhechufen,danyouyuxianxingsifatizhishiyidifangdangweilingdaoweizhu,shangjifayuanyuyixieguandetedian,jicengfaguanderenyongbixuxianjingdifangdangweizuzhibumenkaocha,zaiyoudifangrendayuyirenming,faguanderenshirenmianquanwanquanshouzhiyudifang,faguanshijishangshikeyisuiyibeichehuanhuodiaodongde。zheiyangyilai,faguandeshenfenchangchangsuidifangdangweizhengfudeyizhirenmingshuhuodiaolingershunjiangaibian,faguanzhiyeshenfennanyidedaoyouxiaobaozhang。

幸运28官网    faguankaohejizhibujianquan

    jicengfaguanchulexuyaomianlinanduorenshao、anjianbanjieyalida、yangedecuoanzhuijiuzhiduwai,haixuyaomianlinhegedekaohe,faguandekaohezhibiaochulebanjieanjianshu、jieanlv、fahaigaipanlvzhiwai,haibaokuoanjianyouwuxinfangjishesuanjianxinfangliang。faguanyejikaoheguoyuzhongshidingliang,erhushiduishizhixingdekaocha,zheizhongbujianquandekaoheshibijiangyingxiangfaguandebananjijixing,shenzhihuiduishenpanquandedulixingshiheanjiandegongzhengshenpanchanshengzhuduobuliangyingxiang。dangdaizhongguozhengchuyuquanliyishijuexingdeshidai,jicengminzhongdeweiquanyishijizengdanduiyiwuyuzerendeyishiquebuqiang,haiquefazhenzhengdefazhiyishi。youcizaiyizhongzhizhiweiquan、buzhizeren、zijiquanlizuidadexinlizhuangtaixia,bushaodangshirenduiyufalvgongzhengdedingyijiushizijidezhuzhangyususongqingqiushifoudedaoweihu,yidangenzijidesusongqidailveyoupianchahuozhemingzhizijidesusongqingqiunanyitongguofalvchengxudachengquenengtongguoxinfangdeyishixianshi,wangwanghuizoushangxinfangzhilu。faguanyaosuishizuohaojiefangweiwendezhunbei,jishifaguanbananmeiyourenhewenti,zuodaoleshishiqingchu、shiyongchengxumeiyourenhexiaci,shiyongfalvzhengque,qiefaguanbenrenbucunzairenheweijiweifawenti,danyidananjianchuxianxinfang,faguannanciqijiu。

幸运28官网    wanshanxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidejidianjianyi

    rushangsuoshu,xingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangqudetuchuchengjiudetongshiyecunzaiyidingdewenti,zheishirenheyixianggaigedounanyibimiande,sifagaigeyiran,faguanzhiyebaozhangjizhixingyun28guanwangyiran。zuoweiyimingjicengfayuandefaguanzhuli,churuzhichang,suiduidangqiandesifatizhigaigehefaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhidoucunzaiyidingderenshipianchaherenshibuzu,danhaishijiyuduoniandefaxuelilunjinrunheduigaigegongzuoderechenzhixin,jiyuduidangqianjicengfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhiyunxingdeqianbolejie,shituduidangqianxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhideyunxingtichuyixiajidianjianyi:

    (yi)jianlizhuanmendefaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,tigaofaguanzhijidaiyu

    jianlizhuanmendefaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,shixingfaguanzhiwudanduxulie,tigaofaguandezhijidaiyuhejinshengkongjian。bizherenwei,yingdangzai《faguanfa》zhongmingqueguidingfaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,zengshefaguandanduzhiwuxuliedeguiding,jiangfaguanzhijidaiyutixiyuchuantongdexingzhengzhijidaiyutixichediqufenkailai,yuanefaguananzhaodanduzhiwuxuliejinxingguanli,faguandengjiyuxingzhengzhijituogou,shixinganqijinshenghezeyouxuanrenxiangjiehedejinshengjizhi。tongshi,zai《faguanfa》zhongmingqueguidingjianggaidaiyuguanlitixideguanliquanfuyuzuigaorenminfayuan,youzuigaorenminfayuanyifaguandezhuanyezhishiyujishudengji、bananshuliang、banannianxian、xuelidengweicankaozhibiaoshedinghelidefaguanzhijidaiyudengji,bingzaiquanguofayuanxitongtongchouanpaifaguanzhijibili。

    zuigaorenminfayuanzaidangqiandesifazerenzhigaigezhongmingquetichushixingyuanezhifaguanzhijidaiyuguanlitizhi,kaolvdaosifaxingzhengrenyuanyusifafuzhurenyuandezhijidaiyushangyouliyugaitixiwai,nanyibimianrengjiuyuxingzhengzhijixiangxianjiedemingyun,yingdangzhuyishidangtigaoqizhijibili,yiquebaoshenpanfuzhugongzuodeshunlikaizhan。

幸运28官网    (er)shenrutuixingfaguanyuanezhigaige,jianlijianquanfaguanyuanezhizhunrujizhi

幸运28官网    yuanezhigaigeshidashisuoqu,zujianyifaguanweizhongxin、yifuzhurenyuanweizhichengdexinxingshenpantuandui,youzhuyuyouhuasifaziyuanpeizhi、wanshanzuzhiyunxingmoshi。dangqiantuijinfaguanyuanezhigaigechulexuyaoyangezhixingyuanefaguanlinxuanbiaozhunhechengxuwai,haixuyaochangtongyuanejinchuqudao,tuoshanguihuaweiruerenyuanfenliushiyong、shenpanfuzhurenyuanhesifaxingzhengrenyuanzhiyefazhandengwenti。

    rushangsuoshu,daduoshujicengfayuanmianlinzheanduorenshao、faguannianlinglaohua、faguanchuxianduanceng、xianrenyuanefaguantuixiuhouwurenweijidengkunjing,erxinkaolujinfayuandefaguanzhulihuoxukeyiweixingyun28guanwangtigongyigejieda。danyuanezhigaigezhongkaolvdaoxinzhaolufaguanzhuliyibanquefashehuijingyan、bananjingyanyunenglibuzudengwenti,yibanjunguidingxinkaorendefaguanzhulixujingguo5nianzuoyoudeduanlianhoufangkenaruyuanefaguanchubeixulie。bizherenwei,changtongyuanezhizhunrujizhiwuyikeyiweizheiyiwentitigongjieda。yuanezhizhunrujizhichuyingbaokuoyuanezhikaoshi、kaohebanfazhiwai,haiyingdangteshuguiding,duiyujubeitiaojiandefaguanzhulidexuanren,chukaolvduanliannianxianwai,haiyinggaizonghekaolvqiyewusuzhiyunengli、xiezhubananshuliangdeng,guidingjianqingchubeinianxiandejutitiaojian,jianquanyuanefaguanzhunrujizhi。

    (san)jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyequanliyuzhiyeshenfenbaozhangzhidu,quebaofaguanzhiyeshenfenwending

    jianquandefaguanzhiyequanlihezhiyeshenfenbaozhangzhiduguanshezhefaguandulishenpanquandexingshiyuyunxing,gengguanshezheanjiangongzhengyusifagongzheng。bizherenwei,wanshanfaguandezhiyequanlihezhiyeshenfenbaozhangzhidu,yingcongyixiajifangmianrushou:

幸运28官网    jianlichuizhitongyidesifajingfeibaozhangzhidu,jiadashangjifayuanxieguanlidu。jiangjicengfayuandejingfeilaiyuanyoudifangzhengfuhuaboweizhugaiweishixingzhongyangtongyibofuzhidu,youzuigaorenminfayuantongyihedingquanguodaodifanggejifayuandejingfei,baoqingquanguorendashenpihoulieruguojiacaizhengyusuan,zaiyouzuigaorenminfayuanzhijiexiabozhigejifayuan。tongshijiadashangjifayuanduijicengfayuandexieguanlidu,xiezhudifangfayuanjiejuejingjishangdedifangyilai,weijicengfayuanfaguandulixingshishenpanquantigongjianshideyikao,xiezhuqipaichuxingzhengganyu。

幸运28官网    2、jianlifaguanzhizehuomianzhidu。faguanzaisifaguochengzhongxiangyouzhizehuomianquanshigeguodetongxingzuofa,jifaguanlvxingshenpanzhize,feiyinguyihuozhongdaguoshi,feiyinfadingshiyou,feijingfadingchengxu,xiangyoumianshouzerenzhuijiude“tequan”。jicengfaguanyinzhixingshenpanzhiwubeisuiyichouhuahezhuijiuzerendexianxiangshiyoufasheng,yinci,zaixingyun28guanwangguotebieshijicengfayuantuixingfaguanzhizehuomianzhidu,duiweihufaguanxingxiang、shulisifaquanwei、zengqiangzhiyezunrong、baozhangfaguanzhiyequanli,bangzhufaguanjiechuhouguzhiyou,yifaduligongzhengxingshishenpanquanyiyifeifan。

    3、jianlifaguanzhiyeshenfenbaozhangzhidu,quebaofaguanzhiyediweiwending。shijiegeguodelifayibandouduifaguanzhiyeshenfenbaozhangyuyimingqueguiding: faguanzairenzhijiemanqian,feijingdanhe,budeweibeiqiyiyuanerbeimianzhi、chezhi、diaozhihuolingqitiqiantuixiu。ruzaideguo,jishishizhiwushengqianyeyaoyifaguanziyuanweiqianti。zaimeiyouzhengdefaguantongyideqiantixia,bunengdiaodongtaqizhiwu,diaodongbixuyitadetongyi---tongchangshitadeshenqingweiqianti。[(1) songbing: 《chengxu、zhengyiyuxiandaihua》,zhongguozhengfadaxuechubanshe1998nianban,di9ye。](1)

    faguanzhiyeshenfenbaozhangzhidudehexinshifaguanzhongshenzhi。yinci,bizherenwei,yingshenruluoshi《faguanfa》dexiangguanguiding,jifaguanyijingyifarenyong,chuzhengchanggongzuobiandongwai,feiyinfadingshiyou,feijingfadingchengxu,renhedanweihebumenbudeyirenheliyoushanzijiangqimianzhi、jiangzhi、cituihuozhejiyuchufen。faguanshenpanjingyanyuefengfu,shenpanshuipingjiuyuegao。youyugezhongyuanyin,dangqianxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhengtisuzhishangbujubeiwanquantuixingfaguanzhongshenzhidetiaojian,dangqianyingxianyizuigaoyuanzhidaowenjiandexingshishidangyanzhangfaguantuixiunianling,mingqueguidingjicengfaguandeyicongshishenpangongzuodezuigaonianxianwei65zhousui,chufaguanzishenjiankangyuanyinhuoziyuanshenqingtuixiuwai。

幸运28官网    helishezhifaguankaohepingjiatixi,shelifaguanweiquanjigou

幸运28官网    kexuehelidefaguanpingjiajizhidejiazhimubiaodequelibixuyaoyifaguandezhiyexuqiuweidaoxiang,erpingjiadeneirongyingdanghangaisuoquelidejiazhimubiao。[(1) nanjingshizhongjirenminfayuanketizu: 《faguanyejikaohepingjiazhiduyanjiu》,zhongguoyingyongfaxue,2018niandi1qi。

    ](1) bizherenwei,faguanyejikaoheyingdangjiangdingliangkaoheyudingxingpingjiaxiangjiehe,gengjiacezhongduishizhixingdekaocha,qiangdiaoguochengxingpingjiazaishenpanzhixiaokaopingzhongdeyunyong。tongguojuanzongpingcha、tingshenchoucha、wenshupingxuandengfangshiyouxiaohuoqufaguananjianchulinengli、zhishizhangwochengdu、tuanduiguanlinenglianjiandepingjunshenlishijian,danweishijianneidejieanshuliang,anjianbeifagaidefengxian,anjiandiaojielvdengpingjiaxinxi。zaicaiyongdingliangfangfadetongshi,duishenlianjianshuliangjinxingjingxihuahengliang,quanmiankaoliangquanzhongcankaoyinsu,lirufaguanzuochupanjuedeanjianshu、meiyigeanjiansuohaofeideshijian、wanchengpanjuesuoshiyongdepingjunshijiandengdeng。

    jinnianlai,minzhucanyuzaiyuwaifadaguojiagonggongbumenjixiaokaohezhongdediweirijiantuxian,lirumeiguokangzhoujiangfaguankaopingzhidumianxianglvshi、peishentuanhedangshirendediaocha,bingjiangzhizuoweikaopingzhibiaozhiyi。 bizhejianyi,jiejianyuwaixianjinguojiajingyan,jiangbaokuolvshi、dangshiren、peishenyuanzaineidemanyidudiaochazuoweifaguanyejikaohedezhibiaozhiyi,bimianxitongneibukaopingzhedesiweijuxianhekaopingchengxudexingshihuafengxian,tigaokaopingxinxicaijidezhenduixing,weifaguanzhanshigongzhengsifanenglitigongchuangkou,tongshiyeweigongzhonglejiefaguangongzuoxianzhuangtigongqudao,youliyugaishanfaguanyufayuanxingxiang,tigaosifagongxinli,weishenpanduliyingzaogengjialianghaodewaibuhuanjing。

幸运28官网    shelifaguanquanyibaozhangweiyuanhui,jieshoufaguantousu,fuzeshencha、chulifaguanweiquanshixiang。duiqinfanfaguanhefaquanyihuozhiyeanquanshijianjinxingdiaocha,bingxiediaoxiangguanbumenjinxingchuli;duiwugaoxianhai、wurufeibangfaguande,yaojishichengqingshifei,jinxingxiangyingchuli。

    jianliduoyuanhuajiufenjiejuejizhi,huanjiefaguanbananyali

    rushangsuoshu,dangqiangejicengfayuanjunmianlinanduorenshao、faguanduancengliushi、faguanlaolinghuadengwenti,danyucitongshidaliangdeanjianyongrufayuan。chuletigaofayuanzishendeanjianshenlizhixiao,tigaofaguandebanannengliyusuzhi,jiadafayuanbananliduwai,haixuyaojianliduoyuanhuadejiufenjiejuejizhi,caiquduozhongtujingjiejueshehuimaodunyujiufen。duoyuanhuadejiufenjiejuejizhibujinkeyikefusifaziyuanduanque、sifachengxudegaodujishuhua、zhiyehuadailaidekunjing,changtongduoyuanhuashehuijiujiqudao,hainengshidangshirengengrongyijieshoumaodunchulijieguo,cujinshehuihexie。

    jianliduoyuanhuajiufenjiejuejizhi,shouxianyingyujicengfayuansuozaidixianyuneigejiasuqiandiaojiejigouhezuo,jianganjiananqingjiandan、dangshirenmaodunjiufenbuda、rongyidiaojiedeanjianzaizhengdedangshirentongyihouyouxianjinxingdiaojie,dadajianqingleanjianshenpanyali。tongshi,jianlilesudiaoduijiezhongxin,jiangdangshirenbutongyijinxingsuqiandiaojie,dananjianmaodunbuda、anqingjiaoweijiandandeanjianyouxiansongwangsudiaoduijiezhongxin,youxingyun28guanwangyuanzhuanyedesudiaotuanduiduianjianjinxingdiaojiebingchujudiaojieshu,zheiyangzaifayuanneibuyidiaojiedefangshijianqingshenpangongzuodeyali,younengyouxiaoweidangshirenjiejuemaodun,huajiejiufen,weihuqihefaquanyi。

    (liu)wanshanfaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhangcuoshi,quebaofaguananquan

    shehuijingjidefazhanyuxinmeitidailaichuanbotujingdebiangedouwuxianlajinfaguanyudangshirendejuli,yaoqiufaguanzaiyishishiweiyiju、yifalvweizhunshengshenlianjiandetongshi,gengyaoshenrudaijicengqunzhongzhongqu,duoqingtingjicengqunzhongdeyijian、duozuodiaoyan,zuidaxianduhaiyuananjianbenzhen,zuochuhefa、helidecaipan,bingjijiduidangshirenpufashifa,zheiyiqiedoulajinlefaguanyudangshirendejuli,danyucitongshi,faguanzuoweianjianmaodunchulidehexin,chuyugeleijiufendefengkoulangjianzhong,dangshirenduifaguanjinxingruma、weixieshenzhioudadexinwenshichangshuaxinxingyun28guanwangdeyanqiu,faguandezhiyefengxianrucizhida,qirenshenanquanbaozhangdengwentiruhejinxingbaozhang?

    youci,jianliwanshandefaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhangzhidu,zai《faguanfa》zhongjiangfaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhangluodaoshichupozaimeijie。bizherenwei,wanshandefaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhangzhidu,yinggaihangaiyixiajidian: diyi,wanshanfaguanbaoxiandaiyu,jiangbaokuogongshang、renshenyiwaishanghaibaoxian、yiliaobaoxianzaineidezhiyebaoxianzhiduluodaoshichu,quebaofaguanbuxingzaoshouyiwaihounenggoudedaoqieshidejiuzhu,zengqiangqidiyuzhiyefengxiandexinxi。qici,jicengfayuanyinggaishelibiyaodeanquanbaozhangcuoshi,quebaodangshirenruyuananjianzhiduluodaoshichu,shezhizhuanmendeanjiantongdao,quebaoanjianshebeikexueheli,peibeichongzudefajingjianbaoqixie,zuohaochongzudeanbaozhunbei,weihufaguanrenshen、caichananquan。

幸运28官网    zuihou,jianlifaguanzhizehuomianzhidu,faguanzhixinggongwudexingweimianyususong,duifaguandezhikong,bixutingqufaguanbenrendeyijian,youquanshensu。dangranjianlifaguanzhizehuomianzhidubingfeiyiweizhefaguanxingweibushoufalvyueshu,bijingduisifadejiandubixushizhuanyehuadefalvluojituilidejiandu[(1) qiangshigong、luoyue: 《“anjianjiandu”haishi“xingweijiandu”——rendageanjiandujiqiwenti》,zaicaidingjian: 《jianduyusifagongzheng——yanjiuyuanlibaogao》,falvchubanshe2005nianban,di142ye。](1),wanshandejiandujianchazhidubijiangduifaguanxingweixingchengyouxiaozhiyue。

幸运28官网zerenbianji: yanjiushi    

wenzhangchuchu: zhengdingxianrenminfayuan    


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