幸运28官网

当前位置: 法学思想 -> 审判研究

当前法官职业保障制度存在问题及完善构想(2019.3)

  发布时间: 2019-04-30 08:49:17


    lunwentiyao:

幸运28官网    yigeguojiaweibaozhangfaguannengduligongzheng,jianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangshiyixiangzhongyaojucuo。muqian,xingyun28guanwangguozaifaguanzhiyebaozhangfangmian,rengcunzaiyixiewenti,rufaguanzhiyequanliqueshi、jicengfayuansifaxingyun28guanwangluohou、faguanzhiyeanquanquefabaozhangdeng。xingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyequefabaozhangdeyuanyinshisifaquandedifanghua,faguanguanlixingzhenghua,faguandazhonghuayijizhiyejiandudekuodahua。dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhuishenyitongguole《zhonggongzhongyangguanyuquanmianshenhuagaigeruoganzhongdawentidejueding》tichu,quebaofaguanyifaduligongzhengxingshishenpanquan。baozhangfaguanzhiyequanli,shisifachengweijiejuefalvzhengduanyusuanzuichedi、zuiquanweihejuyouyueshulidecaijuefangshi,gongpingzhengyidefazhiguojiaxuyaoxingyun28guanwangyizhigaosuzhidefaguanqunti、yexuyaoquanshehuidegongtongnuli,faguanduiwudezhengguihua、zhuanyehua、zhiyehuashishixianzheiyimubiaodebijingtujing。

    jiaqiangfaguanzhiyebaozhangxuzailifashangjinyibuqianghua,jianlifuhesifazhiyetediandefaguanguanlizhidu。zaisifagaigeyouxutuijindebeijingxia,yingcaiquyixiexiangyingdecuoshibaozhangfaguanzhiyequanli,cushifaguanduiwugengjiazhuanyehua。jianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhang,jiaqiangduifaguandezhuanyezhishi、shenpanjineng、zhiyeanquan、zhiyelunlidengpeixun,bingqietishengcaipanwenshudeshuolixing,dazaozhuanyehuadeshenpanduiwu。dangran,jianlifaguanzhiyebaozhang,xuyifayuandulishenpanweiqianti,kefouquedingdulishenpanzhidu,faguanzhiyebaozhangchengweiyigezhongyaofangmian。baozhangfaguanyifadulixingshizhiquan、shixiansifagongzhengshifaguanzhiyebaozhangdezhongxin,xingyun28guanwangguo《faguanfa》di8tiaoguidingfaguanxiangyouyifashenpananjiandequanli,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe。jianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhang,youliyufaguanzhiyediweidewendingxing、dulixing、zhuanshuxing。gegefayuanyingba《faguanfa》fuyufaguandezhiyediweiyuyiluoshi,yifabaozhangfaguandezhiyediwei,jianjuezhichifaguangongping、gongzhengshenpan,binggongzhifa。

    zhuyaochuangxinguandian:

幸运28官网    xingyun28guanwangfazhiguojiabujinyaojianquanfalvguifan,haixuyougaosuzhidesifazhuti。faguandezhiyefengxianzaijinjinianlaixishubuduanzenggao,duifaguandeshengcunhefazhandoudailaibuliyingxiang,yincijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangyouhendadebiyaoxing。zairenhefazhiguojiayijizhuiqiufazhideguojiazhong,bixujianlilaogudesifadulizhi,yingyaoqiusifaduli,faguanduli。

    xijinpingzongshujiweisifagongzuotichuyigemubiao,ji“nulirangrenminqunzhongzaimeiyigesifaanjianzhongdouganshoudaogongpingzhengyi。”duiyuruhechuangzaoyigegongpingzhengyidefazhihuanjing,neijiuxuyaojianliyizhiyouxiude、zhuanyehuadefalvduiwu。dangdeshibajiesanzhongquanhui《jueding》zhichu,“jianlifuhezhiyetediandesifarenyuanguanlizhidu,jianquanfaguan、jianchaguan、renminjingchatongyizhaolu、youxuxingyun28guanwang、zhujiyixuanjizhi,wanshansifarenyuanfenleiguanlizhidu,jianquanfaguan、jianchaguan、renminjingchazhiyebaozhangzhidu。”jianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhang,youliyubaozhangxingyun28guanwangguofaguanlianghaodeduiwu、youliyuzengqiangfaguanduiwudezhiyezunrongganheshiminggan,gengyouliyujiaqiangfaguandeshenpangongzuo,weihusifaquanwei,tishengsifagongxinli。jinerbaozhangfaguanzhiyezhidu,xingyun28guanwanggaodufazhiwenmingdeshehuizhuyifazhiguojia。zhuiqiugongzhengshisifayonghengdezhuti,shixiansifagongzhengdezuijibenqiantishifaguandulishenpan。faguandulishenpanzuoweidangdaifazhiguojiasifazhidudehexinhejishi,shikaoyixiliejutizhidulaibaozhangde,qizhongzuizhuyaodebianshifaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu。xingyun28guanwangguoshiyigezhangqiquefafazhichuantongdeguojia。yinci,zaixingyun28guanwangguoshixianfaguanyifadulishenpan,cujinsifagongzheng,jianlihewanshanfuhefazhiyaoqiudexiandaifaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidugengxiandeshifenbiyao。

    yixiazhengwen:

    faguanzhiyebaozhang,jiushiguojiayifaguanzhiyehuaxingyun28guanwangweimubiao,jianlihewanshanxiangyingdezhidutixiheyunxingjizhi,qieshibaozhanghequanmianluoshifaguandezhiyequanli、zhiyeshenfen、zhiyeshourudeng,baohufaguanderenshenanquanjiqitahefaquanyi,zengqiangfaguanzhiyederongyu,weihuguojiafalvzunyanhesifaquanwei。xingyun28guanwangguofalvjinquedinglefayuandulishenpandeyuanze,bingmeiyouzailifashangjinyibumingquefaguandulishenpan。erdangqianfayuanshenpanzhiduzuizhongyaodeyifangmianshifaguanzhidu,duifaguandequanli、yiwu、diweihezuoyongzhengquedingwei,duifaguanshishiyouxiao、helideguanli,tishengfaguansuzhi,shidangqiansifagaigezhongyixiangzhongyaorenwu。qigaigechenggongyufou,zhijieguanxishenpanzhidudegaigejisifazhidugaigedechengbai。dangqian,xingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangbingbuwanshan,rengcunzaiyixiewenti,ru: faguanzhiyequanlibunengdedaoqieshidebaozhang、faguanzhiyeshenfenbunengdedaoqieshidebaozhang、faguandezhiyeshourubunengdedaoqieshidebaozhang、faguandezhiyeanquanbunengdedaoqieshidebaozhangdeng。

幸运28官网    yi、faguanzhiyebaozhangdeneihan

    faguanzhiyebaozhangdeneihanbijiaofengfu,tabaokuofaguandezhiyequanlibaozhang、zhiyeshourubaozhang、zhiyediweibaozhang、zhiyejiaoyubaozhang、zhiyeanquanbaozhanghezhiyejiandubaozhangdengneirong。

幸运28官网    dangdeshiqidabaogaozhichu: “shenhuasifatizhigaige,youhuasifazhiquanpeizhi,guifansifaxingwei,xingyun28guanwanggongzhenggaoxiaoquanweideshehuizhuyisifazhidu,baozhengshenpanjiguan、jianchajiguanyifaduligongzhengdixingshishenpanquan、jianchaquan。”xingyun28guanwangguo《faguanfa》di4tiaogaikuodeguidingfaguandezhiyequanlibaozhang;“faguanyifalvxingzhize,shoufalvbaohu。” 《faguanfa》di8tiaoyeguidinglefaguanxiangyoudezhiyebaozhangquanli,fenbieweiyixiajigefangmian: yi、faguanzaiyifalvxingzhizeshiyingdangjuyoufadingdezhiquanhegongzuotiaojian;er、faguanyifashenpananjian,bushouxingzhengjiguan、shehuituantihegerendeganshe;san、faguanfeiyinfadingshiyou、feijingfadingchengxu,bubeimianzhi、jiangzhi、cituihuozhechufen;si、huodelaodongbaochou、xiangshoubaoxian、fulidaiyudequanli;wu、faguanderenshen、caichanhezhusuoanquanshoufalvbaohudequanli;liu、canjiapeixundequanli;qi、tichushensuhekonggaodequanli;ba、cizhidequanli。tongshi,《faguanfa》di36tiaozhidi38tiaoduifaguandezhiyedaiyubaozhangyejinxingleguiding,“faguandegongzizhiduhegongzibiaozhun,genjushenpangongzuotedian,youguojiaguiding。faguanshixingdingqizengzizhidu。jingkaohequedingweiyouxiu、chengzhide,keyianzhaoguidingjinshenggongzi;youteshugongxiande,keyianzhaoguidingtiqianjinshenggongzi。faguanxiangshouguojiaguidingdeshenpanjintie、diqujintie、qitajintieyijibaoxianhefulidaiyu。” ciwai,《faguanfa》yeguidinglezhiyejiaoyubaozhanghezhiyejiandubaozhangdengneirong。

    er、xingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangdexianzhuang

    (yi)jicengfayuansifaxingyun28guanwangluohou

    fayuandeyingjianshebeizhijieguanxishenpangongzuodexiaolv,zaishenpangongzuozhong,wulunshixiangdangshirenfaqisushouxu,haishikaitingshenlianjian,doujuedingzheshenpangongzuonengfouzhengchangjinxing。sifanenglixingyun28guanwangguigendaodishiduicongshisifashijianderen(faguan)denenglidetigao,erluohoudiqujicengfayuanduiwuduancengderiquyanzhong,yanzhongzhiyuesifanenglixingyun28guanwanghetigao。

    yixiejicengfayuanwuzhixingyun28guanwangdeyanzhongzhihou,yijibangongchangsuo、shenpanchangsuo、bangongshebei、jiaotonggongjudepeibeiyuxiandaihuabangongtiaojianhaishicunzaihendajuli,bujinyingxiangshenpangongzuodexiaolv,haihuiyingxiangganjingdegongzuojijixing,buliyushulisifaquanwei。

幸运28官网    (er)sifaquanxingzhenghuadezhangai

幸运28官网    xingyun28guanwangguofayuantizhijuyounonghoudexingzhenghuatedian,suoweifayuantizhidexingzhenghua,shizhifayuanshianzhaoxingzhengjiguandetizhijiegou、guanlimoshiheyunzuofangshijiangouheyunxingde。(1)

    congfaguanzhiyebaozhangdejiaodufenxi,sifaquanxingzhenghuakeyicongyixialiangfangmianjiayiyanjiu: yishiduifaguanzhiquandexingzhenghuayunzuo。congjicengfayuandeshijiqingkuanglaikan,duoshufayuanzaishenpanquandexingshishangcaiquleyizhong“zhezhong”shouduan,jibafaguanshenpanyulingdaoshenhebaguanjieheqilai,congbiaomianshangkantixianchufaguanshenpanquanlideyanjin、shenzhong;dancongshizhishanglaikanyeshiduifaguanchulianjiandeyizhongxingzhengxianzhi,duiyufalvwenshucongxiadaoshangdeshenhejiqianfayeshiduifaguanzhiquandeyizhongxingzhenghuaboduo,duifaguandesifazerenxinjiduishenpanquandexingshidouyouyidingdeyingxiang。ershiduifaguanzairenshifangmiandexingzhenghuaguanli。duifaguandeyejikaohe、xuanbarenmiandengquanbuyizhilexingzhengjiguanduixingzhengganbudeguanlimoshi,dancizhongguanlimoshibingbufuhefaguandezhiyetedian,yebuliyufaguanzhiyehuadexingyun28guanwangfazhan。ling,xingyun28guanwangguofaguanfasuiduifaguandequanliyiwuheguanlizuoleguiding,danneirongguoyulongtong,quefakecaozuoxing,dangqianduifaguandeguanlihaijiezhuyugongwuyuanfa,youqishiwanquantaoyonglegongwuyuandexingzhengjibiehegongzizhidu,yinciruhechulifaguandegongwuyuanshenfenyeshiwanshanfaguanzhiyebaozhangdenandianzhiyi。(2)

    (san)faguanzhiyeanquanquefabaozhang

    fayuanchuyushehuimaodundediyixian,ergezhongfenzhengdeshehuijiaodianjimaodunyufaguanyeyouzhezhongyaolianxi,ranerfaguanzhiyefengxianyehenda。faguananquanbaozhangbule,shenpangongzuogengnanyijinxing。youyujicengfayuan(baokuopaichufating)shenlixingyun28guanwangguodabufendeminshianjianjixingshianjian,ergebieyinanzaanwangwangyindangshirenqingxubaozao,zaianquanfangfansheshibugoujianquanshi,faguanhenrongyidechengweiyuhaiduixiang。youqizaishenliminshianjianzhong,duiyulihunjiufen、jichengjiufenzhongdangshirenqingxuyoushidounanyikongzhi,mianduiganqingshangdejiuge,faguanqinzijiejiandangshirenjinxingdiaojie,bianerchanshenganquanyinhuan。jinnianlai,faguanbeidangshirenyuhaishijianlvyoufasheng,ru: 2010nian6yue1rishangwu,hunanshengyongzhoushilinglingqurenminfayuanfashengexingqiangjian,zhi3mingfaguansiwang、3mingfaguanshoushang。2016nian2yue26riwan,beijingshichangpingqurenminfayuanhuilongguanfatingfaguanmamoujiqizhangfuzaizhusuodilouxiazaodaodaituqiangji,faguanmamoujingqiangjiuwuxiaosiwang,qizhangfushouqingshang。2016nian8yue11ri,nanjingshizhongjirenminfayuanzhixingjuchenmou、xumouliangweifaguandaohebeishijiazhuangzhixingshi,zaijinzhoubeiweikun。2017nian1yue26ri,guangxiluchuanxianfayuantuixiufaguanfumouzaizhusuozaodaodangshirenbaofushahai;2yue17ri,jiangsushuyangxianfayuanfaguanzhoumoubeidangshirenkaichezhuangdao,bingliankanshudaoshengmingchuiweideng。yixilieanjianchongfenshuomingfaguanzhiyejuyouyidingteshuxing,dananquanbaozhangbudaowei,xingyun28guanwangguofayuanshenpangongzuoyejiangbunengyouxiaotisheng。jinnianlai,xingyun28guanwangguoshehuijingjikuaisufazhan,shehuizhuanxingjiakuai,daliangshehuimaodunyeyisusongfangshijinrufayuan,yixiedangshirenyinbunengzhengquerenshihekandaisusongfengxian,bunengzhengquelijiefaguankeguan、gongzhengcaipandezhinengdingwei,bianerchanshengbuliangqingxujixingweiweijifaguanrenshenanquan。ranerduishenpanshiyefazhandailaibuliyingxiang。

    san、faguanzhiyefengxianbaozhangzhidujianlibiyaoxing

幸运28官网    (yi)shixiansifalianjiedebiranyaoqiu——baozhangsifagongzheng

幸运28官网    gongzhenglianjiezhifashizhisifazhehexingzhengzhifazhezaizhifaguochengzhongyingdangyifabanan、qingzhenglianjie、binggongbanan,buxunsiqing,yifaweihuguojiafalvdezunyanyijigongmindehefaquanyi。sifagongzhengshishehuigongzhengdetixian,minshisusongdejiujifangshiwangwangzaisusongzhongdeyitixian,faguanzaisusongguochengzhongbanyanzhejiweizhongyaodejiaose。zuoweishuangfangdangshirendezhonglizhe,gongping、gongzhengshishenpangongzuoqianti,dangranyeshisifalianjiedebiranyaoqiu。dangjinshehui,gongminjiufenriyizengduo,gongminweiweihuzishenquanyiqisuzhifayuan,weibaozhengshuangfangdangshirendequanyidedaopingheng,sifagongzhengzaiminshisusongguochengzhongxiandejiweizhongyao。shehuizhuyihexieshehuidebenzhitezhengshigongpinghezhengyi,yigeguojiayaofazhanqiangdabujinyaotuijinjingjixingyun28guanwang,erqieyaotuijinshehuidegongpingyijizhengyi。zaifalvhezhifadejishuwentishang,xubaozhengsifahezhifadegongzheng,yicitixianyigeguojiaheminzudewenminghezunyanwenti。shehuizhengyikaofalvlaiweihu,falvdezhengyishikaozhifazhelaishixian。

    (er)tuijinfaguanzhiyehuafazhandebiyaoshouduan——liuzhujicengsifarencai

    faguanzhiyehuabujinyaoqiufaguanjubeiguojiagongwuyuanbixujubeidejibentiaojian,erqiebixujubeifaguandedutedezhiyeyishi、zhiyejineng、zhiyedaodehezhiyediwei。faguandeguanliyuputonggongwuyuandeguanlijibenwuqubie,menjiangaodanshidaiyudi,erqiejinshengkongjianxiao,meiniansusonganjianshuliangyebuduanzengduo,zhifaguangongzuoyalida。shenzhiyixiefaguankaiqijiabandegongzuomoshi,bajiawufangzaileyibian。duiyurucifanzhongdegongzuo,yijiquanlibaozhangjizhidequeshi,daozhidaliangfaguanguganliushi,dangran,zheiduiyuxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyehuadefazhanzaochengbuliyingxiang。liuzhujicengsifarencaishituijinfaguanzhiyehuadebiyaoshouduan。

    2014nian,zuigaorenminfayuanyuanzhangzhouqiangzaizuigaorenminfayuangongzuobaogaoshishuoming,qieshijiaqiangrenminfayuanjicengjichugongzuo,jiaqiangsifazhiyebaozhang,zaizhengcedaiyudengfangmianxiangjicengqingxie,yicijiejuejicengfaguanduanceng、renyuanliushidengfangmiandewentihekunnan。duiyujicengfayuandesusonganjianduo,shenpanfaguanrenyuanshaodewenti,jinjiniansifazhenduiqiyejinxinggaige,duifayuangongzuorenyuanjinxingfenleiguanli、sifazerenzhi、faguanyuanezhidengcuoshi,youcituijinfaguanzhiyehuadefazhan。dangranzailiuzhusifarencaidetongshi,yeyaobaozhengfaguanzhuanyesuzhi,zengqiangfaguansifazhiyebaozhang,jiaqiangfaguanzhuanyefalvzhishi,jinershisifasifagongzuozhegengyougongzuojijixing、youzhiyerongyugan。genghaodebaozhangfaguanzhiyehuazhidu。

幸运28官网    si、wanshanxingyun28guanwangguofaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidudejutigouxiang

    (yi)jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu

    jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu,keyouxiaodetigaofaguandeshehuidiwei、jingjidaiyu,zaizhengzhishanghejingjishangweifaguantigongqiangyoulidezhengzhibaozhangyijijingjibaozhang,youcirangfaguanbuweishengjifachou,buweixiaolierwangfa。faguanzuoweifayuanshenpangongzuodeguanjianzhe,qiechuyuxiangdangzhongyaodediwei,xuluoshi《faguanfa》fuyufaguandezhiyequanliheqitaquanli,zengqiangfaguandezizunyishijizerenyishi。quebaofaguanyifadulishenpan、gongzhengsifa、gongzhenglianjie,yicituijinfaguanzhiyehuajincheng,conggenbenshangbaozhengfaguanzhiyehuaxingyun28guanwangshunlijinxing;baozhangfaguangongzhengsifa、lianjiebanan、shulisifaquanwei。

    genju1982nianguojifaxuejiaxiehuizhidingde《sifadulizuidibiaozhun》、1983nianlianheguodiyicishijiesifadulidahuitongguode《sifadulishijiexuanyan》he1988nianlianheguorenquanweiyuanhuitongguode《guanyushenpanrenyuanpeishenyuanlvshidedulixingdexuanyan》dengguojiwenjianyouguanfaguanzhiyebaozhangdeneirong,faguanxiangyoudezhiyebaozhangquanliwei: duliquan、mianzequan、shensuquan、xinfengquan、renshenanquanquan、jixujiaoyuquan。(3)zaici,jiaqiangfaguanquanlibaozhang,yeshibaozhangfaguanyifadulixingshishenpanquan,bushoufeifadeganrao;jiaqiangfaguanshenfenbaozhang,baozhangfaguanbuhuiyinweifadingchengxuersuiyigenghuan、suiyibeimianzhi、jiangzhi、cizhihuozhechufen,yicilaogushenfendiwei;jiaqiangfaguanzhiyeshourubaozhang,baozhengfaguangongzuoliangyuxinzichengzhengbi,xiangyouzhiduhuashehuidiweixiangyingdezhiduliyi;jiaqiangfaguanzhiyejiaoyubaozhang,duiyufaguanlaishuo,mianduibutongdesusonganjian,shenzhiyixieyinanzaan,faguanxuyaoyongyoufengfudefalvzhishiyijifengfudezhuanyesuyang,yingdangjiaqiangxitonghuadezhiyepeixun,fengfuzishenzhishiyicitishengzijibingweigongminbanandiandingleyidingdejichu;jiaqiangfaguanzhiyejiandubaozhang,kejianliquanlijiandutixi,baozhangfaguanzaibananguochengzhonggongping、gongzhengdelvxingzhize,weihugongmindehefaquanyi。jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu,congerbaozhangfaguandezhiyequanli、zhiyeshenfen、zhiyeshourudeng,yicibaozhengfaguanyifaduligongzhenglvxingzhize,weihuguojiafalvzunyanhesifaquanwei。youxuezhecengtichu: “zaiguowai,congfaxueyuanxueshengdaolvshihuosifashixishengzaidaofaguan,shiyigemanzhangerchongmankaoyandeguocheng,zheiyiguochengzishendemanzhangdejianxinheyange,shidewaiguofaguanjuyouyouliangdefalvzhuanyesuzhi,tongshishifaguanyishidaozishenderenmingjishiyizhongjudaderongyu,yeshilaizhibuyide,congerzijueyangeyifabanshi,xiaomiesifafubai。lingwai,yangerenmingchengxuyeyouliyucongyanzhangwofaguanzigedetongyishiyong,baozhangfaguanduiwudeyouhuagengxin。”(4)

    (er)yangefaguanrenzhitiaojian

幸运28官网    wanshanfaguanzhidudangranbixujianliqiyizhijingyingxing、zhuanjiaxingdefaguanduiwu,gaibiandangqianfaguanxuelidi、suzhicha、daiyubo、diweididexianzhuang。rujin,xingyun28guanwangguodaduoshufayuanshenpanfaguanshao、fuzhurenyuanjiaoduo,neimeyangekongzhifaguanbianzhijiqizhongyao。yingdangduifayuansifarenyuanjinxingheliguanli,babucongshishenpangongzuodanshixiangyoufaguanzhichengdefuzhurenyuanhesifaxingzhengrenyuandandujinxingguanli。duiyufaguanyuanezhi,yinggenjubutongdiqu、shenzhitongyidiqudebutongfayuandefazhantedianquedingfaguanyuane。zaifaguanbunengyibudaoweidetiaojianxia,keshiyongfaguanercilinxuanjizhi,zhishizhuanrangfaguandeshenpanquanli,erbuquxiaofaguandeshenfen,kecujinrenyuandeheliliudongqiebaozhengfaguanzongtizhiweibuhuifashengbianhua。duiyushangjifayuandefaguanyingdangcongxiajifayuandeyouxiufaguanzhongjinxingxuanba,duifayuanzaibiandesifarenyuan,ketongguoguojiasifakaoshiyihou,zaifaguanzhulihuoyousifaquandefuzhurenyuangangweijinxingduanlianbingpeiyangruogannianxian,jileishenpanjingyan,zengjiabananxiaolvhou,zailinxuanfaguan。genju《faguanfa》quelidegongpingjingzhengyuanze,fayuanyingchangkaidamen,jiangdimenjian,zhongshisifaduifalvshehuishijiandegaoduyaoqiu,zaitigaofaguandaiyudejichushang,congzhiyelvshizhongxuanren,yekecujinfalvzhiyezhejiandeliangxingliudong。dangran,yekezaigexuekedefaxuezhezhongxuanchuyixieyouxiuzhuanyezhe,chongshixingyun28guanwangguodefaguanduiwu。

幸运28官网    (san)wanshanfaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhang

幸运28官网    shijianshenghuozhong,minshisusongdeshenpanfaguanzaigegehuanjiehuiyoubutongchengdudeqinhai,yinzhijiemianduishuangfangdangshiren,ranerweixianxishuziranhuizengjia。faguanzhiyoubaozhanglezishenanquan,cainengbaozhangsifadequanwei、gongmindehefaquanli,zuoshehuizhengyidehanweizhe。zaifaguanyifabanan、lvxingzhiwushi,yingjiaqiangfaguanzhiyeanquanbaozhangzhidu。yekefuyufaguanrenshen、caichanjiyiliaodengfangmiandebaoxian,jinerbaozhangqizhiyeanquan。

    minshishenpangongzuozhong,yinfaguanhuiqinziweishuangfangdangshirenjinxingdiaojie,weishuangfangdangshirenhuajiemaodun,zailvxinggongzuozhiwushi,bujinzuohaoshenpangongzuo,gengyinggaijiaqiangzishenanquanfangfan。yinci,fayuanyekejieheshiji,jiaqiangduifaguandeanquanbaozhang。ru: dangshirenjinrufayuanbixutongguoanjiantongdao、bingpeizhizhuanzhideanjianyuan,duiyuraoluanfatingzhixubingqieqingjieyanzhongdedangshiren、yingjiadaduiqichengzhilidu,duidangshirenguyishahai、daji、baofufaguandeeyixingwei、yingyanlizhuijiuqizeren,jiangbangongquyushenpanqufenkai、baozhangfaguanbangongxiaolvjibaozhangzishenanquan。

    (si)wanshanfaguanzhiyejiaoyubaozhang

    duiyufaguanzhiyelaishuoshijuyouyidingteshuxingde,faguanbujinyaoduandigengxin、chongshifalvzhishi,haiyaobuduandizengqiang、tishengshenpanyewujineng,shizhongbaochigaochaodesifajiyiheyouliangderengemeili,yicilaishiyingshenpanshijianbuduanfazhanbianhuadexuyao。mingquejiaoyupeixundemubiao,buduanfengfujiaoyupeixunfangshifangfa,chuchuantongdeketangjiangshoufangshiwai,linghuocaiyonganlijiexi、shishengwenda、zuotanxingyun28guanwangdenghudongjiaoxuefangshi,buduanzengqiangpeixundeshijixiaoguo,qieshitigaofaguandeshijifenxiwentihejiejuewentidenengli。

    jieheshenpangongzuoshiji,jianquanzhuanmendefaguanzhiyepeixuntixiheyunxingjizhi,zhidingkexuedepeixunguihua,zhubushixianzaizhifaguanjiaoyupeixundezhiduhua、guifanhua、jingchanghua。jiangduifaguandekaoheyufaguandejiaoyupeixunzhijielianxiqilai,kaohejieguokezuoweirenzhi、jinjidengdeyiju。qiexingchengyizhongyouxiaodeyunxingjizhi,jipeixun、kaohe、renyongsanweiyiti。jiaqiangfaguanduifalvshiyongwentidebawo、shenpanjinengdeyunyong、duifaxuelilunzhishidelijiedeng,jinerduifaguanjinxingpeiyang,buduantishengfaguanzishenzhuanyesuyang、tigaofaguanzishendezhiyesuyang、tigaofaguanzishenshenpangongzuodenengli,youcishifaguanchengweifalvrencaizhongdejingying。tongshi,faguanbanlishuduoanjianguochengzhong,yingshixingfaguanzhulizhidu,kechongfenliyongrenyuan,jiaqianggongzuoxiaolv,tongshiyeweishixianfaguanzhiyehuadiandingleyidingdejichu。danmuqianxingyun28guanwangguobingweiguidingshixingfaguanzhulizhidu,xingyun28guanwangcizhiduyijushigenju《renminfayuanwuniangaigegangyao》di33tiaodeguiding。zaifaguanzhulizhiduquefafalvyijudezhuangtaixia,nanmianhuichuxianfaguanzhulidaiyubumingque、zhizehetiaojianbumingque、erqiefaguanzhuliguanlizhidubumingque、faguanyufaguanzhulizhijianchanshengdegehe、faguanzhulimeiyougongzuojijixingdengdexianxiang,yeshichuxianzheixiewentihou,cainengcushixingyun28guanwangzaishijianzhongjixuwanshanhongguanzhongdefaguanzhulizhidu。zaibaozhenggongzhengjiazhibushousunhaideqiantixia,zhubuxiaochugaizhiduzhongfanghaitigaoshenpanxiaolvdebubiyaodeyinsuhehuanjie,nulishixiangongzhengyuxiaolvde“shuangying”。dangqianfaguanzhulizhidudegaigegongzuozhengzaiwanshanzhong,guanzhuheyanjiudewentidangranyehaiyouhenduo,rufaguanzhuliderenxuanbiaozhun、faguanzhulidezhiyeqianjing、faguanzhulidekaohefangshi、faguanzhulideguanlijizhidengdeng,xingyun28guanwangzhishixuanzeqizhongdebufenwentijinxingletantaoxingdeshizhengyanjiu。

    wu jieyu

    faguanzhiyebaozhangzhidushishixianfazhishehuideyixiangzhongyaojucuo,xianshishenghuozhong,duichulishehuigongminjiufen、shixiangongping、zhengyimubiaoxutongguofaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu,yicijianquanfazhishehui。jianquandefaguanzhiyebaozhangzhiduyeshishixianfaguangongpingshenpandezhongyaobaozhang,muqianfaguanzhiyebaozhangrengbuwanshan,rengcunzaifaguanzhiyequanlimeiyouqieshibaozhang、faguanzhiyeshenfenmeiyouqieshidebaozhang、faguandezhiyeshourumeiyouqieshidebaozhang、faguandezhiyeanquanmeiyouqieshidebaozhangdengwenti,erqiemuqianfaguanshigongzuoliangda,xinzidaiyudi,ciqingkuangduifaguanchanshengyizhongxiaojidejili,bingbuliyugouchengdulide、gongzhengdeshenpangongzuo,yingdangjianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangjizhi,gaigesifazhidudewaibutizhiheneibutizhi。

    faguanzhiyebaozhangzhidudewanshanbingbushiyiliangtiankeyijianquande,qibijiangshiyigejianjueryoufuzadeguocheng。jianlijianquanfaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu,yingjiehexingyun28guanwangguoguoqing,zhubujianlihewanshanyitaojijuyouzhongguoteseyoutuxianshidaijiazhidefaguanzhiyebaozhangzhidu。

zerenbianji: yanjiushi    

wenzhangchuchu: zhanganqurenminfayuan    


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