幸运28官网

当前位置: 法学思想 -> 审判研究

依法行政与行政审判(2018.12)

  发布时间: 2019-04-30 08:45:52


幸运28官网    zhaiyao: yifazhiguo,xingyun28guanwangshehuizhuyifazhiguojia,zuoweixingyun28guanwangdanglingdaorenminzhiliguojiadejibenfanglve,yijingbeizairuxianfa。yifaxingzhengshiyifazhiguodehexin,xingzhengshenpanshiyifazhiguodebaozhang,liangzhedoushiyifazhiguodezhongyaozuchengbufen。lijiehebawoxingzhengshenpanyuyifaxingzhengliangzhezhijianguanxihexianghuzuoyong,duituijinxingzhengshenpangongzuo、cujinyifaxingzheng、xingyun28guanwangfazhizhengfujuyouzhongyaoyiyi。

幸运28官网    guanjianci: yifaxingzheng;xingzhengshenpan;fazhizhengfu

    yi、yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengshenpandejibenneihanfenxi

幸运28官网    (yi)yifaxingzhengdeneihan

    yifaxingzhengzaigeguodechengweibingbuwanquanxiangtong,deguochengwei“yifaxingzheng”,faguochengwei“xingzhengfazhi” ,yingguochengwei“fazhi”huo“yifaxingzheng”,meiguojiangyifaxingzhengbaokuozai“fazhi”yuanzezhinei, ribenzechengwei“yijufalvxingzheng”huo“fazhixingzheng”[yuanshuhong, zhaoyongwei .xifangguojiayifaxingzhengbijiaoyanjiu[j] .zhongguofaxue ,2002,(2).]。zaixingyun28guanwangguo,yifaxingzhengzaizhongyaodeguanfangwenbenzhongzhengshimianshishizai 1993 nianbajiequanguorendayicihuiyide《zhengfugongzuobaogao》zhong 。duici,youxuezhejiangqipingjiawei“zhengfuyizishengdefangshijieshouleyifaxingzhenglilun”[chenni.yifaxingzhengxinlun ———yizhongzhiduzhexuedesikao[j] .hebeifaxue ,2003,(4).]。congci,yifaxingzhengzaixingyun28guanwangguolilunjieheshiwujiechengweiyigetongxingdechengwei。

幸运28官网    xingzhengzaiyingyuzhong(administration),shizhili、guanlihezhixingshiwudeyisi,taheshizhengshiyigeyisi,zai《zuochuan》zhongjiuyou“xingqizhengling,xingqizhengshi”zhishuo。yifaxingzheng,shizhiguojiajiguanjiqigongzuorenyuanyijuxianfahefalvfuyudezhizequanxian,zaifalvguidingdezhiquanfanweinei,duiguojiadezhengzhi、jingji、wenhua、jiaoyu、kejidenggexiangshehuishiwu,yifajinxingguanlidehuodong。yifaxingzhengdebenzhishiyouxiaozhiyueheheliyunyongxingzhengquanli,tayaoqiuyiqieguojiaxingzhengjiguanhegongzuorenyuandoubixuyangeanzhaofalvdeguiding,zaifadingzhiquanfanweinei,chongfenxingshiguanliguojiaheshehuishiwudexingzhengzhineng,zuodaojibushizhi,youbuyuequan,gengbunengfeifaqinfangongmindehefaquanyi。

    falvshixingzhengjiguanjinxinggezhonghuodongherenmenduiqihuodongjinxingpingjiadebiaozhun,yifaxingzhengshiduigejixingzhengjiguantichudeyaoqiu,yeshidangjinshehuirenminqunzhongjigeleiqishiyedanwei、tuanti、zuzhiduizhengfubumentichudeyaoqiu,shishehuifazhandaoyidingjieduandechanwu。zhongguoshizaibashiniandaimotichu“yifaxingzheng”zheiyijibenyuanzede,tadetichujuebushiourande,ershizhengzhi、jingjijifazhixingyun28guanwangbenshenfazhandaoyidingchengjieduandebiranyaoqiu。

    congjuticengmianshangkan, yifaxingzhengbaokuozhiquanfading、falvyouxianhuofalvyouweiyijifalvbaoliu。qizhong,zhiquanfading,jixingzhengzhiquanfading, zhirenhexingzhengzhiquandelaiyuanyuzuoyongdoubixujuyoumingquedefadingyiju, fouzeyuequanwuxiao,yaoshoudaofalvzhuijiu,chengdanfalvzeren。falvyouxianhuofalvyouwei,shizhifalvduiyuxingzhenglifajixingzhengfaguiheguizhangeryanjuyouyouyuediwei,xingzhengxingweiyufalvxiangdichuzhebufashengfalvxiaoli。erfalvbaoliuzeshizhifanshixianfa、falvguidingzhinengyoufalvguidingdeshixiang, zeyingyoufalvlaijiayiguiding,huozhebixuzaifalvmingqueshouquandeqingkuangxia,youxingzhengjiguanzuochuguiding,weijingfalvshouquanxingzhengjiguanbunenghefadizuochuxingzhengxingwei。

幸运28官网    (er)xingzhengshenpandeneihan

幸运28官网    1982nian《zhonghuarenmingongheguominshisusongfa(shixing)》disantiaoquelizhongguoxingzhengsusongfalvzhidu, 1989nian《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingzhengsusongfa》banbuyilai,xingzhengshenpanzuoweiyuminshishenpan、xingshishenpanxiangbingliedesandasusongzhiduzhiyi。xingzhengshenpanlijingcongwudaoyou,qudelejushizhumudechengjiu。xingzhengshenpanduishixianyifazhiguojibenmubiao,xingyun28guanwangzhengzhiwenmingjuyoushifenzhongyaodeyiyi。xingzhengshenpan,jizhifayuantongguoduixingzhengxingweiyinweifa、shizhi、yuequan、weizunshouzaochengziranren、farenhuoqitazuzhiquanyisunhaieryinfadexingzhenganjiandeshenpandefangshijinxingquanlizhiyue。 [zuoweimin.zhongguosifazhidu:zhongguozhengfadaxuechubanshe[m],2012.]jirenminfayuanyunyongsifashenpanquanduixingzhengjiguanjutixingzhengxingweishifouhefa、shifoushidangjinxingshencha,yicijiejuexingzhengzhengyidehuodong。

幸运28官网    xingzhengshenpangongzuodeyuanzeshizhiduixingzhengshenpanhuodongjuyoupubianzhidaoyiyidesifazhunze。zongjiexingyun28guanwangguoxingzhengshenpanshijian,xingzhengshenpanyingdangjianchiyixiayuanze: 1、hefaxingshenchayuhuajieshehuimaodunxiangtongyiyuanze。renminfayuanbixujianchiduibeisujutixingzhengxingweishifouhefajinxingquanmianshencha,zhuzhongjiejuejiufen,pingxishehuimaodun,weishehuiwendingdedajuxingyun28guanwang。2、baohugongmin、farenheqitazuzhihefaquanyiyuweihugonggongliyixiangtongyiyuanze。xingzhengshenpanjuyouguangfandeshehuiyingxiang,xuduoanjiandeshenliheguojiadaju、shehuigonggongliyimiqiexiangguan,renminfayuanshenlixingzhenganjianbixuzhanzaisifaweimindegaodu,chongfenkaolvshenpandefalvxiaoguoheshehuixiaoguo。3、yifashenpanyusifabianminxiangtongyiyuanze。renminfayuanyingdangyangezunshouxingzhengsusongfahezuigaorenminfayuanxiangguansifajieshi,yizhaofadingshenpanchengxu,gongkai、gongzheng、gaoxiaodicaijuexingzhenganjian。tongshi,yaojijitansuoxingzhenganjianjianyishenchengxu,zailian、shencha、tingshen、caipan、songdadenggegehuanjiechongfentixianfangbianlaobaixingdesixiangzongzhi。

幸运28官网    er、yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengsusongguanxizhiguanlianxingtanjiu

幸运28官网    congguangyishangjiang,yifaxingzhengjiyaoqiuxingzhengjiguanzaixingzhengxingweizhongyangezunshoufalv、fagui、guizhangweiqishedingdezhizequanxian,budeyuequanxingzhenghuozhelanyongzhiquan,tongshiyouyaoqiuxingzhengjiguanzuochudexingzhengxingweinenggoufuhe《xingzhengsusongfa》duixingzhengxingweihefaxingdejibenyaoqiu,jingdeqixingzhengsusongchengxudeshencha。cishi,yifaxingzhengbaohanxingzhengshenpan。dancongxiayishangjiang,yifaxingzhengjinzhixingzhengjiguanyangeanzhaofalvguidingbanshi,yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengshenpanshiyizhongbinglieguanxi。yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengshenpanbulunshibaohanguanxi,haishibinglieguanxi,liangzhedoushimiqielianxi,danyouxianghuqubiedeliangzhongzhidu。bizhegengtongyixiayilijie,yifaxingzhengshixingzhengshenpandeqiantihejichu,zhiyouzaishixingyifaxingzhengdeguojia,caikenengcunzaixingzhengshenpanzhidu;xingzhengshenpanduiyifaxingzhengyouyoujianduhecujinzuoyong,xingzhengshenpantongguoduixingzhengxingweidesifashencha,weihuhezhichihefadexingzhengxingwei,chexiaohuobiangengweifadexingzhengxingwei,yiciducuxingzhengjiguanyifaxingzheng。

幸运28官网    (yi)yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengshenpanzhitonggouxing

    1、conglishifazhancengmianshangkan,yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengshenpanjunshijinxiandaixianzhengtizhizhixiaguojiaquanlifenquanyuzhihengdechanwu。wulunshiyifaxingzhenghaishixingzhengshenpan,tadechanshenghefazhanjunyixingzhengquanheshenpanquandefenliweiyituo。zaixingzhengsusongshijianzhongwangwangtixianchusifaquanyuxingzhengquandejiliejiaofeng,ruguomeiyousifaquanyuxingzhengquandexiangduifenli, ershiheerweiyi, neimebidinghuichuxianmengdesijiusuoyande“faguanbianjiangwoyouyapozhedeliliang”dejumian[  [ fa] mengdesijiu.lunfadejingshen(shang)[ m] .shangwuyinshuguan ,1963:153.]。

幸运28官网    2、congzuoyongcengmianshangkan,yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengsusongjunjushixianxingzhengfazhidegongneng。duiyuyifaxingzhenglaishuo,zhuyaozhuiqiuxingshizhengyi,cezhongdeshixingzhengfazhiwaiyandehefaxing,jiangxingzhengquankongzhizaixianfa 、falvzhixia,weixingzhengquanxiandingyigewaizaikuangjia;yuxingzhengshenpanlaishuo, chulebaohanyifaxingzhengdejibenneihanzhiwai, tashangyoulingwaiyicenghanyi,zheijiushi“minzhufazhi”。guojiajianlixingzhengsusongzhidubingjiayiyunzuo,jibaohulexingzhengxiangduirendehefaquanyi,youweihuhejiandulexingzhengjiguanyifaxingzheng。yinerkeguanshangyejuyoushixianxingzhengfazhidegongneng。

    (er)yifaxingzhengyuxingzhengshenpanzhihudongxing

    1、yifaxingzhengduixingzhengsusongdeyingxiang

    (1)yifaxingzhengshixingzhengsusongdeqiantihejichu,zhiyouzaishixingyifaxingzhengdeguojia,caiyoukenengcunzaixingzhengsusongzhidu。xingzhengjiguanshixingyifaxingzheng,jianchiyouxianzhengfuhefalvzhishangyuanze, cainengyifadingdebiaozhunshishixingzhengxingwei,renminfayuanduixingzhengxingweijinxingshenchacaiyoufadingdejutichiduhebiaozhun[  zhouyouyong, wulei .zhongguofaxuehuixingzhengfaxueyanjiuhui2001 niannianhuizongshu[ j] .zhongguofaxue, 2001 ,(6).]。ruguoyigeguojiazaixingzhenglifahezhifaxitongzhongfoudingyifaxingzhengdegenbenyaoqiu, neimexingzhengsusongjiumeiyoucunzaideyudi。

幸运28官网    (2)yifaxingzhengkeguanshangyaoqiugongzheng、gaoxiaodexingzhengshenpan。zaixianshizhong, youyuxingzhengjiguanxingzhengguanliduixiangdefuzaxing、duobianxing、zhuanyexingyijifalvbenshenbukebimiandemohuxing 、duoyixing,yinerrenmenduixingzhengjiguanyunzuoxingzhengquandeguochengjijieguonanyizaiyifaxingzhengyuweifaxingzhengzhijianzuochujiandan、kuaijiedepanduan。zheijiuduifayuanshixiangongzheng、gaoxiaodeshenpanguochenghejieguotichulegenggaodeyaoqiu 。

    2、xingzhengshenpanduiyifaxingzhengdezuoyong

    (1)tongguoxingzhengshenpan, keyifaxianlifadebuzu, mingxixingzhengzhiquan, jiejuexingzhengjiguanyueweiyuqueweiwenti。yifaxingzheng, yaoqiuxingzhengjiguanhuofalvfaguishouquandezuzhijiqigongzuorenyuanbixuyangeanzhaofalvdeguidingbanshi, zhengquelvxingzijidefadingzhize,bulvxingzijidefadingzhizejiushixingzhengbuzuowei, jiushi“ quewei”,weifanfadingmudelvxingfadingzhizejiushilanyongzhiquan,lvxinglebiedexingzhengjiguandefadingzhizejiushichaoyuezhiquan, jiushi“ yuewei”,tongguoxingzhengshenpan, keyifaxianlifabuzu, jiejuefalvfaguizhijian“ dajia”,weimingxixingzhengzhiquan, jiejueyueweiyuqueweiwentitigongleyigelianghaodeqiji。

幸运28官网    (2)tongguoxingzhengshenpan, keyiguifanxingzhengjiguandechouxiangxingzhengxingwei,jianshaoxingzhengzhengyidefasheng, weihushehuiwending。yifaxingzheng, yaoqiuxingzhengjiguandechouxiangxingzhengxingwei, jizhizuoguifanxingwenjianbixuhefa、qieheshiji、juyoukecaozuoxing, bunengshiyongmohudeyuyan, daozhixingzhengziyoucailiangquandeshikong。tongguoxingzhengshenpan,xingzhengjigouzhidingdexingzhengfagui、xingzhengguizhangjiqitachouxiangxingzhengxingwei,zhiyaoshihefade,tongguosifaqueren,xiaolidujiuzengda,sifashuliheweihulexiangyingdehefadexingzhenglifaquanwei。dedaosifaquerendehefadechouxiangxingzhengxingwei,gongmin、farenhuoqitazuzhiyebixuzunshou,fouze,jiudejieshouxingzhenghuosifaqiangzhi。

    (3)tongguoxingzhengshenpan, keyiguifanjutixingzhengxingwei, fangzhixingzhengweifaxingweidezaicifasheng。renminfayuanshenlixingzhenganjian, zhuyaoshiduixingzhengjiguanjifalvfaguishouquandezuzhijiqigongzuorenyuanzuochudejutixingzhengxingweidehefaxingjinxingshencha。 weiraojutixingzhengxingweidehefaxing, xingzhengshenpanzhuyaozhenduixingzhengjiguandejutixingweijinxingsifangmiandeshencha, yishishenchazuochujutixingzhengxingweidezhiquanyiju, jizuochujutixingzhengxingweidexingzhengjiguanshifoujuyouxiangyingdexingzhengguanlizhiquan。 ershishenchazuochujutixingzhengxingweideshishizhengju, jigaijutixingzhengxingweishifoushishiqingchu, zhengjushifouqueshi、chongfen。 sanshishenchazuochujutixingzhengxingweidefalvyijushifouzhengque。 sishiduiyifajutixingzhengxingweishifoufuhefadingchengxujinxingshencha。

    (4)tongguoxingzhengshenpan, keyicujinxingzhengjiguanjiqigongzuorenyuanyifaxingzhengdeyishijinyibutigao。zhiyoujiaqiangxingzhengshenpan, duibuzunzhongsifaquan、bushandailaobaixingqisujinerdajibaofudexingweijinxingxiangyingdefalvzhicai, duiyuweifadexingzhengxingweijianjueyifayuyijiuzheng, gaichexiaodejiuchexiao, gaiquerenweifadejiuquerenweifa。 zheiyangcainengducuxingzhengjiguangenghaodiyifaxing, yecainengrangxingzhengjiguanjiqigongzuorenyuanrenshidaobuyifaxingzhengyuzijiyubenbumendoushifeichangbulide, cainengjinyibutigaoyifaxingzhengdeyishi。

幸运28官网    san、jiaqiangxingzhengshenpan,cujinyifaxingzheng,xingyun28guanwangfazhizhengfu

幸运28官网    (yi)wanshanxingzhenglifa

幸运28官网    dangdeshibadatichu,dao 2020 nianxingyun28guanwangguoyaojianchengfazhizhengfu。erzheiyimubiaodewancheng,libukaigongzhengdexingzhengshenpan。gongzhengdexingzhengshenpanzaihendachengdushangfahuizhe“zhutuiqi”degongneng,nenggoujiyuxingzhengjiguan

幸运28官网    zugoudeyali,shiqizuodaoyifaxingzhenghexingyun28guanwangfazhizhengfu。gongzhengshifazhideshengmingxian,sifatizhigaigedemudejiushishixiangongzhengsifa。xingyun28guanwangguojinnianjinxingdeyixiliexingzhengshenpanzhidufangmiandegaige,mudeyezhengshiweileshixiangongzhengsifazheiyimubiao。tebieshi《zuigaorenminfayuanguanyushiyong〈zhonghuarenmingongheguoxingzhengsusongfa〉dejieshi》(yixiajiancheng《xingsujieshi》),yiyu 2018 nian 2 yue 8 rizhengshishishi。《xingsujieshi》shizaidangdeshijiudashenglizhaokaizhijizuigaorenminfayuantongguodeyouyibususongfadequanmiansifajieshi,jiangduibaozhangrenminhefaquanyi、tuijinfazhizhengfuxingyun28guanwang、tuidongxingzhengshenpangongzuojiankangfazhanchanshengzhongyaoershenyuandeyingxiang。xingzhengsusongjishi“mingaoguan”dezhidusheji,yeshijianducujinxingzhengjiguanyifaxingzheng,quebaoxingzhengquanguifanyunxingde“zhidulongzi”。《xingsujieshi》yituijinyifaxingzhengweishimingdandang,tuchuxingzhengxingweihefaxingshenchadeyuanze,zaizhuiqiufalvxiaoguo、zhengzhixiaoguoheshehuixiaoguoxiangtongyidetongshi,shizhongqiangdiaohefaxingshenchayuanzebuzhebukoudedaozhixing。《xingsujieshi》congjiugefangmianzuochulezhenduixingdeguiding: yishimingquexingzhengsusongshouanfanweibianjie,jiyaojiejue“liannan”guji,youyaofangzhilansuxianxiang;ershizongjiexingzhengsusongguanxiagaigechengguo,jiyaojiejue“susongzhukechang”dewenti,youyaozunxun“liangbian”yuanze;sanshimingquejiedingdangshirenzige,jiyaochangtongjiujiqudao,youyaoquebaoyouxiansifaziyuandexiaoyizuidahua;sishiwanshanxingzhengsusongzhengjuguize,jiyaoliqiuhuifukeguanzhenshi,youyaojianchichengxugongzhengdedaoxiang;wushiquanmianluoshiliandengjizhidu,jiyaobaozhangdangshirenhefasuquan,youyaobaozhengqisufuhefalvguiding;liushiguifanshenlipanjuechengxu,jiyaoquebaoanjiandedaogongzhengshenli,youyaozhuyitigaosusongshixiao;qishiguifanxingzhengjiguanfuzerenchutingyingsu,jiyaotixianxingzhengsusongdeyansuxing,youyaoquebaoxingzhengjiufenshizhihuajie;bashiguifanxingzhengjiguanfuzerenchutingyingsu,jiyaotixianxingzhengsusongdeyansuxing,youyaoquebaoxingzhengjiufenshizhihuajie;jiushixihuaguifanxingwenjianfudaishencha,jiyaoyifaweihuhefaxingzhengguifanxingwenjiandexiaoli,youyaofangzhibuhefatiaokuanjinrushishiguocheng。gaijiufangmiandexizhihuaguiding,duituijinxingzhengshenpanheyifaxingzhengdexiandaihuajuyoulichengbeishidezhongyaoyiyi,duibaohuxingzhengxiangduirendehefaquanyihejianchengfazhizhengfujuyoushenyuanyingxiang。

幸运28官网    (er)jiaqiangduiwuxingyun28guanwang

    1、yaozhelitishengyixianbananfaguandezishensuzhi。yizhiyewunengliqiang、zhengzhijuewugaodezhuanyehuafaguanduiwushibaozhenggongzhengsifa,congerzhutuiyifaxingzhengdezhongyaoqianti。xiandaixingzhengguanlihuodongjuyougaodudezhuanyexingheguangfandeyingxiangli,faguanbixujubeilianghaodezhengzhisuzhi、zhiyedaodeheyewushuiping,buduandigengxinguannian,tishengyewunengli,cainenggenghaodilvxinghaoshenpanzhize。yingzaixianyoujichushang,jinyibugongguheshenhuafaguanyuanezhigaige,genjugedisifashenpanbutongdeshijiqingkuang,wanshanfaguandelinxuan、renyonghehouxukaopingjizhi。

    2、yaochongfenbaozhangfaguanxingshizhiquandedulixing。sifajiguandulixingshishenpanquanshisifagongzhengdezhongyaojichu,erfaguanxingshizhiquandedulixingshidulixingshishenpanquandezhongyaohuanjie。zaixingzhengshenpanzhong,youyudangshirendiweidebuwanquanduidengxing,sifashijianduishenpanduli,youqishifaguannengfoudulixingshizhiquanjuyouhengaodexuqiu。tishengfaguanxingshizhiquandedulixing,yingchulihaofaguanyufayuan、faguanzhiquanyufayuanshenpanquan、faguanyufayuanwaibudeguanxi,yaopaichufayuanneibu、shangjifayuan、xingzhengjiguanduifaguanshenpanhuodongdebudangganrao,baozhangfaguanyifacongshishenpanhuodong。yifajianduheshenchaxingzhengjiguanxingzhengxingweidehefaxing。

    3、yaojiaqiangfaguandezhiwubaozhang。weilequebaofaguannenggouquanshenxintourudaosifashenpanzhong,yingdangjinyibubaozhangfaguandezhiwu,yijiechufaguandehouguzhiyou,shiqimianshoulaiziwaibudeganraoeryifaxingshizhiquan。shouxian,yaobaozhangfaguanshehuidiwei。qici,yaoquebaofaguanzhiwudexiangduiwendingxing。zuihou,shidangtigaofaguandewuzhibaozhang,bingyifabaozhangfaguandexiuxixiujiaquanyi。

    (san)yingzaolianghaohuanjing

幸运28官网    yishijieheshiji, caiquzhuantihuibaodengfangshi, zhudongzijuedijieshoudangweilingdao、rendajiandu。ershijiaqiangxingzhengsusongfazhixuanchuanjiaoyugongzuo, chongfenliyongguangbo、dianshi、baokan、weixin、weibodengxinwenmeitihexuanchuanchuchuangdengxingshi, zuohaoxingzhengsusongzhengmianxuanchuanheyindaogongzuo。sanshitansuojianliyifaxingzhengyuxingzhengsusongyouguanzhongdashixiangdegongzuojizhi。zaiguancheyifazhiguofanglve、tuijinyifazhiguojinchenghequebaoyifaxingzhengfangmian, renminfayuanyuzhengfudemubiaoshiyizhide。weici, zaigeanzhiwai, xingzhengjiguankeyibazaixingzhengzhifazhongyudaodekunnanhewentixiangrenminfayuanfanying,jishitongbaoxingzhengzhifadeyouguanqingkuang,renminfayuanzeyaobangzhuxingzhengjiguanjiejuexingzhengzhifazhongyudaodefalvnanti, weixingzhengjiguanyifaxingzhengtigongfalvbangzhu。sishirenminfayuantongguosifajianyijishizhichuxingzhengzhifazhongcunzaidequexianhebuzu, qieshiguifanxingzhengxingwei。renminfayuanzaixingzhengshenpanzhongyaogenjuanjianzhongfanyingdexingzhengjiguanzaishishixingzhengxingweizhongchuxiandewenti, youzhenduixingditichusifajianyi,xingzhengjiguanduirenminfayuandesifajianyiyaorenzhenduidai, jishiyanjiubanli。

    cankaowenxian

幸运28官网    [1]wangmingyang.bijiaoxingzhengfa[m].beijing:beijingdaxuechubanshe,2006.

    [2] liudandeng.fazhizhengfu:jibenlinianyukuangjia [m].beijing:zhongguofazhichubanshe,2008.

    [3] duanhongliu.goujianfazhizhengfulun[m].zhangsha:hunanrenminchubanshe,2007.

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幸运28官网zerenbianji: yanjiushi    

wenzhangchuchu: zhaoxianrenminfayuanxingzhengting    


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